49 SM - Julius Caesar menyeberangi Sungai Rubicon yang menjadi pertanda dimulainya sebuah perang saudara Romawi. [84], On 16 March 2011 (Tanjung) Benoa port received the "Best Port Welcome 2010" award from London's "Dream World Cruise Destination" magazine. In the 1930s, anthropologists Margaret Mead and Gregory Bateson, artists Miguel Covarrubias and Walter Spies, and musicologist Colin McPhee all spent time here. Afterwards, the Dutch governours exercised administrative control over the island, but local control over religion and culture generally remained intact. [79] On 17 July 2011 the first cruise ship (Sun Princess) anchored about 400 metres (1,300 feet) away from the wharf of Tanah Ampo harbour. In January 2012, Chinese tourists increased by 222.18% compared to January 2011, while Japanese tourists declined by 23.54% year on year. English and Chinese are the next most common languages (and the primary foreign languages) of many Balinese, owing to the requirements of the tourism industry, as well as the English-speaking community and huge Chinese-Indonesian population. There was only a Native Auxiliary Corps Prajoda (Korps Prajoda) consisting of about 600 native soldiers and several Dutch KNIL officers under the command of KNIL Lieutenant Colonel W.P. Wikipedia began as a related project for Nupedia.Nupedia was a free online English-language encyclopedia project. Hotel in Kartika Plaza, Kuta. The day following Nyepi is also celebrated as New Year's Day. [23] A bombing in 2002 by militant Islamists in the tourist area of Kuta killed 202 people, mostly foreigners. UNESCO Award for Literacy 2018. International Linguapax Award 2015. [23] An attempted coup in Jakarta was put down by forces led by General Suharto. Located in Kuta, Yan's House Hotel has a number … Wallace's trip to Bali was instrumental in helping him devise his Wallace Line theory. The rapid growth of development in tourism has had a big impact and influences to Bali tradition and lifestyle. On higher grounds that receive more moisture, for instance around Kintamani, certain species of fern trees, mushrooms and even pine trees thrive well. English Wikipedia has an article on: Gatra (music) Wikipedia . [61] Fishing also provides a significant number of jobs. The main people of the company were Jimmy Wales, the guy in charge of Bomis, and Larry Sanger, the editor-in-chief for Nupedia. [97] found that 12% of Balinese Y-chromosomes are of likely Indian origin, while 84% are of likely Austronesian origin, and 2% of likely Melanesian origin. Other festivals throughout the year are specified by the Balinese pawukon calendrical system. Bali's tourism economy survived the Islamists terrorist bombings of 2002 and 2005, and the tourism industry has slowly recovered and surpassed its pre terrorist bombing levels; the long-term trend has been a steady increase of visitor arrivals. Bali boasts one of the most diverse and innovative performing arts cultures in the world, with paid performances at thousands of temple festivals, private ceremonies, or public shows. Snakes include the king cobra and reticulated python. The United States government lifted its travel warnings in 2008. The Ngurah Rai International Airport is located near Jimbaran, on the isthmus at the southernmost part of the island. Bali's most important city is Denpasar. Balin pinnanmuodot Sijainti Bali Indonesia Saariryhmä Pienet Sundasaaret Sijaintipaikka Pienet Sundasaaret Vesialue Intian valtameri , Balinmeri Korkein kohta Agung , 3 149 m Pinta-ala 5 636 km² Väestö Suurin kaupunki Denpasar muokkaa - muokkaa wikitekstiä - muokkaa Wikidataa Bali on saari Pienillä Sundasaarilla Indonesiassa , kahdeksan astetta päiväntasaajan eteläpuolella. It ranks 22nd in terms of depth among Wikipedias. The impact of tourism is controversial since before it became integrated into the economy, the Balinese performing arts did not exist as a capitalist venture, and were not performed for entertainment outside of their respective ritual context. The most important islands of Indonesia are Java, Bali, Borneo, Sulawesi, and Sumatra.The capital of Indonesia is Jakarta, on Java. Apart from the majority of Balinese Hindus, there also exist Chinese immigrants whose traditions have melded with that of the locals. In 1597, the Dutch explorer Cornelis de Houtman arrived at Bali, and the Dutch East India Company was established in 1602. It was during this time that the people developed their complex irrigation system subak to grow rice in wet-field cultivation. The currency in Bali is the Indonesian rupiah (IDR). They also reveal an independent Bali, with a distinct dialect, where Buddhism and Sivaism were practised simultaneously. It has successfully been implemented in other ASEAN countries and will be implemented at other crossings in Bali. Bali was the host of 2008 Asian Beach Games. The project goes through 2 kilometres (1 mile) of mangrove forest and through 2.3 kilometres (1.4 miles) of beach, both within 5.4 hectares (13 acres) area. The nation with various kingdoms became independent for up to 386 years until 1906 when the Dutch subjugated and repulsed the natives for economic control and took it over. The Balinese culture and its religion are also considered as the main factor of the award. There are several indigenous Balinese languages, but most Balinese can also use the most widely spoken option: modern common Balinese. They discovered 952 species of reef fish of which 8 were new discoveries at Pemuteran, Gilimanuk, Nusa Dua, Tulamben and Candidasa, and 393 coral species, including two new ones at Padangbai and between Padangbai and Amed. Kerthi Bhuwana Sandhi Nugraha 2019. The highest is Mount Agung (3,031 m, 9,944 ft), known as the "mother mountain", which is an active volcano rated as one of the world's most likely sites for a massive eruption within the next 100 years. [77] In 2017 it was expected that Chinese tourists would outnumber Australian tourists. The Indonesian International Film Festival is held every year in Bali. The last definite record of a tiger on Bali dates from 1937, when one was shot, though the subspecies may have survived until the 1940s or 1950s. It is a boundary between species. rather than Persisam. Mpu Sindok's great-granddaughter, Mahendradatta (Gunapriyadharmapatni), married the Bali king Udayana Warmadewa (Dharmodayanavarmadeva) around 989, giving birth to Airlangga around 1001. [73], Since 2011, China has displaced Japan as the second-largest supplier of tourists to Bali, while Australia still tops the list while India has also emerged as a greater supply of tourists. [109] Hindu influences reached the Indonesian Archipelago as early as the first century. In March 2017, TripAdvisor named Bali as the world's top destination in its Traveller's Choice award. Noun . The tourism industry is primarily focused in the south, while also significant in the other parts of the island. [90][91][92] On 23 September 2013, the Bali Mandara Toll Road was opened, with the Dewa Ruci Junction (Simpang Siur) underpass being opened previously. Indonesia's capital city Jakarta features several large rubbish dumps and it is common to see swaths of plastics bobbing on the city's few waterways.[57]. When sea levels dropped during the Pleistocene ice age, Bali was connected to Java and Sumatra and to the mainland of Asia and shared the Asian fauna, but the deep water of the Lombok Strait continued to keep Lombok Island and the Lesser Sunda archipelago isolated. Balinese performing arts often portray stories from Hindu epics such as the Ramayana but with heavy Balinese influence. The language's official name is Bahasa Indonesia (language of Indonesia), which is also used in English. It was the first expedition of a series of bi-annual fleets to the Moluccas, that throughout the 16th century usually travelled along the coasts of the Sunda Islands. [120], Tourism, Bali's chief industry, has provided the island with a foreign audience that is eager to pay for entertainment, thus creating new performance opportunities and more demand for performers. [57] Indonesia is one of the world's worst plastic polluters, with some estimates suggesting the country is the source of around 10 per cent of the world's plastic waste. Harbiansyah Hanafiah, the main commissioner of Bali United explained that he changed the name and moved the home base because there was no representative from Bali in the highest football tier in Indonesia. Indonesian Varsities English Debate (IVED) adalah kompetisi debat parlementer tingkat universitas se-Indonesia yang pertama. Textiles and garments are 45% of their exports. Bali has no railway lines. The average occupancy of starred hotels achieved 65%, so the island still should be able to accommodate tourists for some years without any addition of new rooms/hotels,[69] although at the peak season some of them are fully booked. [10] In this area alone, over 500 reef-building coral species can be found. [7] Tourism-related business makes up 80% of its economy. Bali is known for its great views and its beautiful beaches [2]and volcanoes. Bali has a tropical climate, except for at high altitude and it is so called God's own Island. The province is divided into eight regencies (kabupaten) and one city (kota). On this day everyone stays at home and tourists are encouraged (or required) to remain in their hotels. Beaches in the south tend to have white sand while those in the north and west have black sand. Southeast Asia's biggest annual festival of words and ideas Ubud Writers and Readers Festival is held at Ubud in October, which is participated by the world's most celebrated writers, artists, thinkers and performers.[123]. Outside of the monsoon period, humidity is relatively low and any rain is unlikely in lowland areas. The current pier is only 154 metres (505 feet) but will eventually be extended to 300 to 350 metres (980–1,150 feet) to accommodate international cruise ships. The rich coral reefs around the coast, particularly around popular diving spots such as Tulamben, Amed, Menjangan or neighbouring Nusa Penida, host a wide range of marine life, for instance hawksbill turtle, giant sunfish, giant manta ray, giant moray eel, bumphead parrotfish, hammerhead shark, reef shark, barracuda, and sea snakes. [87], In May 2011, an integrated Aerial Traffic Control System (ATCS) was implemented to reduce traffic jams at four crossing points: Ngurah Rai statue, Dewa Ruci Kuta crossing, Jimbaran crossing and Sanur crossing. atgar; Indonesian . Adrian Vickers: Bali. [13], Bali was inhabited around 2000 BCE by Austronesian people who migrated originally from the island of Taiwan to Southeast Asia and Oceania through Maritime Southeast Asia. [110], The Bali tradition adopted the pre-existing animistic traditions of the indigenous people. The royal houses are not recognised by the government of Indonesia; however, they originated before Dutch colonisation. Wikipedia id. Mount Agung is an active volcano, with a large and deep crater that occasionally emits smoke and ash. Three small islands lie to the immediate south-east and all are administratively part of the Klungkung regency of Bali: Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Ceningan. The Arabica coffee production region is the highland region of Kintamani near Mount Batur. Balinese Hinduism has roots in Indian Hinduism and Buddhism, that arrived through Java. The song Rasa Bangga, or Pride in English, composed and recorded by Bali band The Resistance, is the club's anthem and has been sung by the all the fans, players, and staffs of Bali United after home or away game since the 2017 season. In 2010, Bali received 2.57 million foreign tourists, which surpassed the target of 2.0–2.3 million tourists. [114], Throughout the year, there are a number of festivals celebrated locally or island-wide according to the traditional calendars.[115]. It is held once a year, from the second week of June until the end of July. They are also quite often kept as pets by locals. Bali's real estate has been rapidly developing in the main tourist areas of Kuta, Legian, Seminyak and Oberoi. In football, Bali is home to Bali United football club, which plays in Liga 1. A slightly undulating plain extends from the seacoast about ten or twelve miles (16 or 19 kilometres) inland, where it is bounded by a fine range of wooded and cultivated hills. [88][89], On 21 December 2011 construction started on the Nusa Dua-Benoa-Ngurah Rai International Airport toll road which will also provide a special lane for motorcycles. Pre-modern Bali had four castes, as Jeff Lewis and Belinda Lewis state, but with a "very strong tradition of communal decision-making and interdependence". The island of Bali, like most of the islands of the Indonesian archipelago, is the result of the tectonic subduction of the Indo-Australian plate under the Eurasian plate. In the last half of 2008, Indonesia's currency had dropped approximately 30% against the US dollar, providing many overseas visitors improved value for their currencies. Generally, Balinese coffee is processed using the wet method. The most common spoken language around the tourist areas is Indonesian, as many people in the tourist sector are not solely Balinese, but migrants from Java, Lombok, Sumatra, and other parts of Indonesia. In his travel memoir The Malay Archipelago, Wallace wrote of his experience in Bali, of which has a strong mention of the unique Balinese irrigation methods: I was both astonished and delighted; for as my visit to Java was some years later, I had never beheld so beautiful and well-cultivated a district out of Europe. Notably, individual villages typically adopt a single product, such as wind chimes or wooden furniture. [30], During the Japanese occupation, a Balinese military officer, Gusti Ngurah Rai, formed a Balinese 'freedom army'. Use the input field above to search the Indonesian-English dictionary and enter a Indonesian word to translate into English. [49], A team of scientists conducted a survey from 29 April 2011 to 11 May 2011 at 33 sea sites around Bali. During the rainy season, there are comparatively fewer tourists seen in Bali. The pre-War Bali as "paradise" was revived in a modern form. Kawi and Sanskrit are also commonly used by some Hindu priests in Bali, as Hindu literature was mostly written in Sanskrit. Squirrels are quite commonly encountered, less often is the Asian palm civet, which is also kept in coffee farms to produce kopi luwak. Based on a Bank Indonesia survey in May 2013, 34.39 per cent of tourists are upper-middle class, spending between $1,286 to $5,592, and are dominated by Australia, India, France, China, Germany and the UK. They occur in a few places apart from the West Bali National Park. Each sect revered a specific deity as its personal Godhead. More than 90% of its people are Hindus. Famous Balinese dances include pendet, legong, baris, topeng, barong, gong keybar, and kecak (the monkey dance). On the day before New Year, large and colourful sculptures of Ogoh-ogoh monsters are paraded and burned in the evening to drive away evil spirits. [62] Many coffee farmers in Kintamani are members of a traditional farming system called Subak Abian, which is based on the Hindu philosophy of "Tri Hita Karana". The banteng still occurs in its domestic form, whereas leopards are found only in neighbouring Java, and the Bali tiger is extinct. This has been done by seven state-owned enterprises led by PT Jasa Marga with 60% of shares. As of July 2015, no details of this proposed railways have been released. [53] To ease the shortage, the central government plans to build a water catchment and processing facility at Petanu River in Gianyar. The provincial capital, Denpasar, is the most populous city in the Lesser Sunda Islands and the second-largest, after Makassar, in Eastern Indonesia. Celebrations are held for many occasions such as a tooth-filing (coming-of-age ritual), cremation or odalan (temple festival). Bali is also famous for its artisans who produce a vast array of handicrafts, including batik and ikat cloth and clothing, wooden carvings, stone carvings, painted art and silverware. Tungku Bali Cooking Class, Jalan Raya Goa Gajah, Bedulu, ☎ +62 82339 595 595 ([email protected]), . East of Java and west of Lombok, the province includes the island of Bali and a few smaller neighbouring islands, notably Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan, and Nusa Ceningan. ATCS is an integrated system connecting all traffic lights, CCTVs and other traffic signals with a monitoring office at the police headquarters. The harshness of Japanese occupation forces made them more resented than the Dutch colonial rulers.[31]. Bali was the host of Miss World 2013 (63rd edition of the Miss World pageant). The population of Bali was 3,890,757 as of the 2010 Census, and 4,148,588 at the 2015 Intermediate Census; the latest estimate (for mid 2019) is 4,362,000. Often two or more gamelan ensembles will be performing well within earshot, and sometimes compete with each other to be heard. [50] The average coverage level of healthy coral was 36% (better than in Raja Ampat and Halmahera by 29% or in Fakfak and Kaimana by 25%) with the highest coverage found in Gili Selang and Gili Mimpang in Candidasa, Karangasem regency. The Buleleng regency government encouraged the tourism sector as one of the mainstays for economic progress and social welfare. [56], In 2017, a year when Bali received nearly 5.7 million tourists, government officials declared a “garbage emergency” in response to the covering of 3.6 mile stretch of coastline in plastic waste brought in by the tide, amid concerns that the pollution could dissuade visitors from returning. all non-white women), a loophole that was exploited by the producers of Virgins of Bali. Nyepi is a Balinese "Day of Silence" that is commemorated every Isakawarsa (Saka new year) according to the Balinese calendar (in 2020, it falls on March 25). Anthony Forge (1980), Balinese Religion and Indonesian Identity, in Indonesia: The Making of a Culture (Editor: James Fox), Australian National University. Anagrams . As a result of the 1965–66 upheavals, Suharto was able to manoeuvre Sukarno out of the presidency. Most Balinese speakers also know Indonesian. Princess Sakalendukirana appeared in 1098. The Subak Abian system is ideally suited to the production of fair trade and organic coffee production. Java legends refer to Saka-era, traced to 78 CE. Indonesia (/ ˌ ɪ n d ə ˈ n iː ʒ ə / IN-də-NEE-zhə), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia [reˈpublik ɪndoˈnesia] ()), is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. [37] In late 2017 Mount Agung started erupting and large numbers of people were evacuated, temporarily closing the island's airport. Bali was also mapped in 1512, in the chart of Francisco Rodrigues, aboard the expedition. Bali was bombed by Islamists in 2002 and 2005. A DNA study in 2005 by Karafet et al. The uncle of Hayam Wuruk is mentioned in the charters of 1384–86. [51], Among the larger trees the most common are: banyan trees, jackfruit, coconuts, bamboo species, acacia trees and also endless rows of coconuts and banana species. Their accounts of the island and its peoples created a western image of Bali as "an enchanted land of aesthetes at peace with themselves and nature". [82][83] In 2019 it was reported in Gapura Bali that Wayan Koster, governor of Bali, "is keen to improve Bali's transportation infrastructure and is considering plans to build an electric rail network across the island". Other international events held in Bali include the Miss World 2013 and 2018 Annual Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group. To the east, the Lombok Strait separates Bali from Lombok and marks the biogeographical division between the fauna of the Indomalayan realm and the distinctly different fauna of Australasia. [19]:234,240 Bali's government then became an independent collection of Hindu kingdoms which led to a Balinese national identity and major enhancements in culture, arts, and economy. [126] Another reason was due to local fans in Samarinda preferring to support Pusamania Borneo F.C. Bali: Beats of Paradise merupakan film layar lebar yang dibesut oleh Livi Zheng, sutradara asal Indonesia.Film ini bergenre drama yang berdasarkan kisah nyata. Bali is a volcanic island. ; 1927 - Film Metropolis karya Fritz Lang mulai diputar. Tourism further increased on Bali after the Ngurah Rai International Airport opened in 1970. The resulting large growth in tourism has led to a dramatic increase in Balinese standards of living and significant foreign exchange earned for the country. East to west, the island is approximately 153 km (95 mi) wide and spans approximately 112 km (70 mi) north to south; administratively it covers 5,780 km2 (2,230 sq mi), or 5,577 km2 (2,153 sq mi) without Nusa Penida District;[36] its population density is roughly 750 people/km2 (1,900 people/sq mi). The literacy rate for Bali is 45.55%. The elevated toll road is built over the mangrove forest on 18,000 concrete pillars which occupied 2 hectares of mangroves forest. [72], In January 2016, after musician David Bowie died, it was revealed that in his will, Bowie asked for his ashes to be scattered in Bali, conforming to Buddhist rituals. Bali has no major waterways, although the Ho River is navigable by small sampan boats. This has led to new versions of many of these performances which have developed according to the preferences of foreign audiences; some villages have a barong mask specifically for non-ritual performances as well as an older mask which is only used for sacred performances. Friedhelm Göltenboth, Walter Erdelen, 2006, On the history of rice-growing related to museology and the rice terraces as part of Bali's cultural heritage see: Marc-Antonio Barblan, "D'Orient en Occident: Histoire de la riziculture et muséologie" in, "Book of Requirements for Kopi Kintamani Bali", page 12, July 2007. Bali is renowned for its diverse and sophisticated art forms, such as painting, sculpture, woodcarving, handcrafts, and performing arts. English . English 6 222 000+ articles 日本語 1 246 000+ 記事 30.26 percent of tourists are middle class, spending between $662 to $1,285. Australians Schapelle Corby and a group known as the Bali Nine are serving long terms in Kerobokan Prison, and several of the Nine have been sentenced to death. According to BBC Travel released in 2011, Bali is one of the World's Best Islands, ranking second after Santorini, Greece. A Paradise Created, Periplus 1989, p. 252. Jayapangus appears on inscriptions between 1178 and 1181, while Adikuntiketana and his son Paramesvara in 1204.[19]:129,144,168,180. [125] It was the second time Indonesia hosted an Asia-level multi-sport event, after Jakarta held the 1962 Asian Games. Translation of Balinese in English. It is a Hindu celebration mainly celebrated in Bali, Indonesia.Nyepi, a public holiday in Indonesia, is a day of silence, fasting and meditation for the Balinese. Arabica coffee from Kintamani is the first product in Indonesia to request a geographical indication.[63]. The tertiary ocean floor, made of ancient marine deposits including accumulation of coral reefs, was lifted above the sea level by the subduction. The province includes the island of Bali and a few other islands. [14][15] Culturally and linguistically, the Balinese are closely related to the people of the Indonesian archipelago, Malaysia, the Philippines and Oceania. On 27 November 2017, Mount Agung erupted five times, causing evacuation of thousands, disruption of air travel and environmental damage. Typical flavours include lemon and other citrus notes. [99], The 19th-century scholars such as Crawfurd and Friederich suggested that the Balinese caste system had Indian origins, but Helen Creese states that scholars such as Brumund who had visited and stayed on the island of Bali suggested that his field observations conflicted with the "received understandings concerning its Indian origins". [59] Tourism is now the largest single industry in terms of income, and as a result, Bali is one of Indonesia's wealthiest regions. [101] In most regions, it has been the Shudra who typically make offerings to the gods on behalf of the Hindu devotees, chant prayers, recite meweda (Vedas), and set the course of Balinese temple festivals. [8], Bali is the only Hindu-majority province in Indonesia, with 82.5% of the population adhering to Balinese Hinduism. Indonesian-English dictionary. One of the most prestigious events that symbolize a strong relationship between a god and its followers is Kecak dance. Other foreign languages, such as Japanese, Korean, French, Russian or German are often used in multilingual signs for foreign tourists.